State information

This data is accurate to the best of our knowledge as of Jan 1, 2018.
State Mandate Statute Contact
Alabama Massage Therapy Practice Act Alabama Board of Massage Therapy 334-420-7233
Alaska Current legislative watch Technique Exemption [1] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapists 907-465-3811
Arizona Energy Field Exemption [2] Massage Therapy Practice Act Arizona State Board of Massage Therapy 602-542-8604
Arkansas Massage Therapy Practice Act Rules and Regulations Arkansas State Board of Massage Therapy 501-683-1448
California Requires Unlicensed Disclosure Health: Complementary and Alternative Healthcare Practitioners Massage Therapy Practice Act California Massage Therapy Council 916-669-5336
Colorado Requires Unlicensed Disclosure C.R.S 6-1-724 Colorado Natural Health Consumer Protection Act Office of Masseuse Therapy Licensure 303-894-7800
Connecticut Current legislative watch Massage Therapy Practice Act Massage Therapist Licensure 860-509-7603
Delaware Massage Therapy Practice Act Division of Professional Regulation 302-744-4500
Florida Requires License Massage Therapy Practice Act Florida Board of Massage Therapy 850-245-4161
Georgia Current legislative watch Touch Exemption [3] Massage Therapy Practice Act Georgia Board of Massage Therapy 844-753-7825
Hawaii Massage Therapy Practice Act Professional and Vocational Licensing 808-586-3000
Idaho Touch Exemption [4] Massage Therapy Practice Act Idaho Board of Massage Therapy 208-334-3233
Illinois Practice Exemption [5] Massage Therapy Practice Act Massage Licensing Board 800-560-6420
Indiana Technique Exemption [6] Massage Therapy Practice Act 317-234-8800
Iowa Touch Exemption [7] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy
Kansas Current legislative watch No Statewide Acts Massage Therapy Practice Act Introduced
Kentucky Touch Exemption [8] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Licensure for Massage Therapy
Louisiana Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy
Maine Practice Exemption [9] Massage Therapy LIcensure 207-624-8624
Maryland Massage Therapy Practice Act State Board of Massage Therapy Examiners
Massachusets Current legislative watch Practice Exemption [10] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Registration for Massage Therapy 617-727-1747
Michigan Practice Exemption [11] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy 517-373-1820
Minnesota Requires Unlicensed Disclosure Complementary and Alternative Health Care Practices (Chapter 146A) Office of Unlicensed Complementary and Alternative Health Care Practice 671-201-3721
Mississippi Practice Exemption - excludes soft tissue contact [12] Massage Therapy Practice Act FAQ - Rules FAQ - Expanded Board of Massage Therapy
Missouri Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Therapeutic Massage 573-522-6277
Montana Individual must seek and qualify for practice exemption Massage Therapy Practice Act Practice Exemption Worksheet Board of Massage Therapy 406-841-2370
Nebraska Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy 402-471-2117
Nevada Requires unlicensed disclosure Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapists 775-687-9955
New Hampshire Practice Exemption [13] Massage Therapy Practice Act Advisory Board of Massage Therapy 603-271-3608
New Jersey Current legislative watch Requires license Massage and Bodywork Practice Act Regulations Board of Massage and Bodywork Therapy 973-504-6520
New Mexico Requires Unlicensed Disclosure Massage Therapy Practice Act Unlicensed Health Care Practice Act Massage Therapy Board 505-476-4622
New York Practice Exemption [14] Massage Therapy Practice Act FAQ Office of Professions - Massage Therapy 518-474-3817
North Carolina Technique Exemption [15] Massage Therapy and Bodywork Practice Act Practices Requiring Licensure Board of Massage and Bodywork Therapy 919-546-0050
North Dakota Practice Exemption [16] Massage Therapy Practice Act Century Code 701-667-9378
Ohio Massage Therapy Practice Medical Board - Massage Licensing Division 614-466-3934
Oklahoma Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Cosmetology and Barbering AdvisoryBoard on Massage Therapy 405-521-2441
Oregon Requires Credentialing [17] Massage Therapy Practice ActAdministrative Rules Board of Massage Therapy 717-783-7155
Pennsylvania Practice Exemption [18] Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy 717-783-7155
Rhode Island Unlicensed Practice Protected Massage Therapy Practice Act Unlicensed Health Care Practices Department of Health - Massage Therapy
South Carolina Touch Exemption [19] Massage and Bodywork Practice Act Massage and Bodywork Panel 803-896-4588
South Dakota Massage Therapy Practice Act Rules Board of Massage Therapy 605-224-1721
Tennessee Technique Exemption - excludes soft tissue contact [20] Massage Therapy Practice Act Reiki and Energy work Policy Statement Board of Massage Licensure 615-253-2111
Texas Administrative Rules Massage Therapy Licensing Program 512-463-6599
Utah Massage Therapy Practice Act DOPL Massage Therapy 801-530-6628
Vermont No Statewide Acts
Virginia Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Nursing 804-367-4515
Washington Massage Therapy Practice Act Board of Massage Therapy 800-525-0127
West Virginia Massage Therapy Practice Act Massage Therapy Licensure Board 304-558-1060
Wisconsin Current legislative watch Requires Credentialing [21] Massage and Body Therapy Practice Act Massage Therapy and Bodywork Therapy Affiliated Credentialing Board 608-266-2112
Wyoming No Statewide Acts
[1]

Alaska Sec. 08.61.080. Exceptions to application of chapter.

  • Sec. 08.61.080.(6) person only performing techniques that do not involve contact with the body of another person;
  • Sec. 08.61.080.(7) person only performing techniques that involve resting the hands on the surface of the body of another person without delivering pressure to or manipulating the person’s soft tissues;
[2]

Arizona 32-4221. Licensure; persons and activities not required to be licensed under massage therapy.

  • 32-4221.B. This chapter does not apply to:
  • 32-4221.B.6. When the customer is fully clothed, the practice of techniques that are specifically intended to affect the human energy field.
[3]

Georgia § 43-24A-19. Exceptions

  • 43-24A-19. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to affect, restrict, or prevent the practice, services, or activities of:
  • 43-24A-19.(8) A person who uses touch to affect the energy systems, polarity, acupoints, or Qi meridians, also known as channels of energy, of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics, provided that his or her services are not designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy;
[4]

Idaho 54-4003. EXEMPTIONS.

  • 54-4003.(2) Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit, prevent or restrict:
  • 54-4003.(2)(g) The practice of any person in this state who uses touch to affect the energy systems, acupoints or qi meridians, or channels of energy of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession, provided that their services are not designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy. Such practices include, but are not limited to, polarity, polarity therapy, polarity bodywork therapy, Asian bodywork therapy, acupressure, jin shin do®, qi gong, reiki and shiatsu.
[5]

Illinois (225 ILCS 57/25) Sec. 25 Exemptions

  • (225 ILCS 57/25) (e) Nothing in this Act prohibits practitioners that do not involve intentional soft tissue manipulation, including but not limited to Alexander Technique, Feldenkrais, Reike, and Therapeutic Touch, from practicing.
[6]

Indiana IC 25-21.8-4-5 Scope of practice

  • IC 25-21.8-4 Sec. 5. This article does not prohibit the following:
  • IC 25-21.8-4 Sec. 5.(4) An individual’s practice in one (1) or more of the following areas that does not involve intentional soft tissue manipulation: (A) Alexander Technique. (B) Feldenkrais. (C) Reiki. (D) Therapeutic Touch.
[7]

Iowa 152C.9 Exemptions.

  • 152C.9 This chapter shall not apply to the following persons:
  • 152C.9. 7. Persons engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics in which touch is limited to that which is essential for palpitation and affectation of the human energy system, provided that the practices performed or services rendered are not designated or implied to be massage therapy.
[8]

Kentucky 309.352 Scope of KRS 309.350 to 309.364.

  • KRS 309.350 to 309.364 shall not preclude:
  • 309.352(6) Persons engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics in which touch is limited to what is essential for palpation and affecting of the human energy system, provided that their services are not designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy. These practices include but are not limited to polarity therapy;
[9]

Maine 32.127 §14307. EXEMPTIONS TO REGISTRATION OR CERTIFICATION

  • 32.127 §14307.2. Other exemptions. This chapter does not apply to the activities and services of individuals who practice other forms of tissue work exclusive of massage therapy, such as rolfing, Trager, reflexology, Shiatsu, Reiki and polarity, if those practitioners do not use the title “massage therapist” or “massage practitioner,” unless they choose to meet the requirements of this chapter.
[10]

Massachusetts Part I, Title XVI, Chapter 112, Section 228M

  • Part I, Title XVI, Chapter 112, Section 228(b) Nothing in this section shall prevent or restrict the practice of a person who uses touch, words or directed movement to deepen awareness of patterns of movement in the body, or the affectation of the human energy system or acupoints or Qi meridians of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics, but such services shall not be designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy. Such practices shall include, but not be limited to, the Feldenkrais Method; Reflexology; The Trager Approach; Ayurvedic Therapies, Rolf Structural Integration, Polarity or Polarity Therapy; Polarity Therapy Bodywork; Asian Bodywork Therapy that does not constitute massage as defined in this chapter; Acupressure; Jin Shin Do; Qi Gong; Tui Na; Shiatsu; Body-Mind Centering and Reiki. These exempt practitioners may use the terms “bodywork”, “bodyworker” and “bodywork therapist” in their promotional literature.
[11]

MI 333.17957 Massage therapy; license required; exceptions.

  • 333.17957.(b) The affectation of the human energy system or acupoints or qi meridians of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics and as long as those services are not designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy. These practices include, but are not limited to, all of the following: (i) Polarity or polarity therapy. (ii) Asian bodywork therapy. (iii) Reiki. (iv) Shiatsu.
  • YES. ONLY if you practice the modality of Reiki independent of any other modality as no touch or manipulation of the client’s soft tissue is involved.
  • NO. If you are practicing Reiki with any other form / modality of massage or bodywork, then a Mississippi massage therapy license is required because the other modalities which involve touch or manipulation of the client’s soft tissue is being performed. 10.3.2013
[13]

New Hampshire Title XXX 328-B:10 Exemptions; Application of Chapter.

  • 328-B:10 III. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent or restrict the practice of any person in this state who uses energy or superficial touch to affect the energy systems of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics, provided that their services are not designated as or implied to be massage or massage therapy. Such practices include, but are not limited to, polarity therapy, therapeutic touch, Bowen therapy, and reiki.
  • Page 38 Do persons who practice Reiki, the Alexander Technique, or the Feldenkrais Method require a license as a massage therapist?No. But if persons practicing these techniques claim that they are diagnosing or treating any human pain, disease, disorder or physical condition, they must be licensed in a profession that is authorized to diagnose or to provide treatment.
  • .0203 EXEMPTIONS FROM LICENSURE
  • .0203(a) Persons who are utilizing certain therapeutic techniques may claim exemption from licensure pursuant to G.S. 90-624 (6) or (7) only by meeting one of the following criteria:
  • .0203(a)(1) Such persons are practicing techniques that are defined by national organizations that meet the criteria for exemption set forth in either G.S. 90-624 (6) or (7); or
  • .0203(a)(2) Such persons are practicing techniques that do not involve any contact with the body of the client; or
  • .0203(a)(3) Such persons are practicing techniques that involve resting the hands on the surface of the client’s body without delivering pressure to or manipulation of the soft tissues.
  • .0203(c) Pursuant to G.S. 90-623, such exempted practitioners may not hold themselves out to be a massage and bodywork therapist; they may not utilize or promote themselves or their services using such terms as “massage, massage therapy, bodywork, bodywork therapy,” or any other derivative term that implies a soft tissue technique or method.
[16]

North Dakota 43-25-04. Exemptions.

  • 43-25-04. Exemptions. The following persons are exempt from this chapter:
  • 3-25-04.6. Any individual practicing healing by manipulating the energy field or the flow of energy of the human body by means other than the manipulation of the soft tissues of the human body, provided that the individual’s services are not designated or implied to be massage or massage therapy. For purposes of this subsection, a light touch or tap is not a manipulation of the soft tissues of the human body.
[17]

Oregon Board of Massage Therapists Administrative Rules 334-010-0027.

  • 334-010-0027 Exempt Practices
  • (1) Practitioners exempt from the Oregon Board of Massage Therapists licensing authority are defined as practitioners who:
  • (1)(a) Do not claim expressly or implicitly to be massage therapists and who limit their work to the practice of:
    • (1)(a)(A) Using touch, words and directed movement to deepen awareness of existing patterns of movement and suggest new possibilities of movement, as defined per 687.031(1)(j)(i). Examples include the Feldenkrais Method of Somatic Education as defined on May 16, 2011, by the Feldenkrais Guild® of North America and The Trager® Approach as defined on May 16, 2011, by the United States Trager® Association; and Registered Practitioners of Ortho-Bionomy® as defined on December 28, 2012 by the Society of Ortho-Bionomy International; or
    • (1)(a)(B) Using minimal touch over specific points on the body to facilitate balance in the nervous system, as defined per 687.031(1)(j)(ii). An example includes Bowenwork® and/ or the Bowen Technique as defined on May 16, 2011 by the Bowenwork Academy USA; or
    • (1)(a)(C) Using touch to affect the energy systems or channels of energy of the body, as defined per 687.031(1)(j)(iii). An example includes Polarity Therapy as defined on May 16, 2011 by the American Polarity Therapy Association; and
  • (1)(b) Hold an active certification from a National or International professional organization or credentialing agency that:
    • (1)(b)(A) Requires a minimum level of training specific to their discipline, demonstration of competence and adherence to an approved scope of practice and ethical standards;
    • (1)(b)(B) Maintains disciplinary procedures to ensure adherence to the requirements of the organization or agency; and
  • (1)(c) Provide contact information in the practitioner’s place of business for any organization or agency that has certified the practitioner.
  • (2) It is the exempt practitioner’s responsibility to insure they meet the criteria for being exempt and only practice within their exempt scope of practice. Practitioners may be subject to discipline by the Board if they:
    • (2)(a) Refer to themselves or imply they are a massage therapist;
    • (2)(b) Practice outside of the exempt scope of practice;
    • (2)(c) Practice without an active certification from a National or International professional organization or credentialing agency; or
    • (2)(d) Fail to provide contact information in the practitioner’s place of business for any organization or agency that has certified the practitioner.
  • (3) The State Board of Massage Therapists has the authority to verify a practitioners claimed exemption from licensure of ORS 687 under subsection (1)(j) of section 687.031. Verification may include, but is not limited to, consultation with the practitioners certifying organization or agency.
  • • (4) Disciplines and/or Organizations seeking to be named in the exemption shall contact the Board of Massage Therapists to request a review. Stat. Auth.: ORS 687, SB 454 Stats. Implemented: ORS 687.031
[18]

Pennsylvania Massage Therapy Practice Act

  • Section 13. Other professions.
  • Nothing in this act shall be construed as preventing, restricting or requiring licensure of any of the following activities:
  • Section 13.(6) The practice of an individual who uses touch to affect the energy systems, acupoints, Qi meridians or channels of energy of the human body while engaged within the scope of practice of a profession with established standards and ethics. Such practices include acupressure, Asian bodywork therapy, polarity therapy bodywork, quigon, reiki, shiatsu and tui na.
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • D. Exemptions from Licensure
  • The Department considers exempt those persons engaging in a profession with established standards and ethics in which touch is limited to that which is essential for affecting the human energy system, provided that their services are not within the scope of practice of massage/bodywork therapy as defined. Further, their services cannot be designated or implied to be massage or massage/bodywork therapy as defined.
[20]

Tennessee POLICY – TENNESSEE MASSAGE LICENSURE BOARD – REIKI AND ENERGY WORK.

  • The Board has been asked whether Reiki or other “energy work” (including but not limited to “healing touch therapy,” “quantum touch therapy,” etc.) constitutes the practice of massage in Tennessee. It is the Board’s opinion that any technique that does not include any touching of the body does not meet the definition of massage in Tennessee.
  • However, the Board is aware that Reiki and other “energy work” often involves the practitioner touching the client’s body and manipulating the client’s soft tissues through various techniques. It is the Board’s opinion that any technique that does include such soft tissue manipulation constitutes the practice of massage in Tennessee, and the practitioner should therefore be licensed by the Board unless otherwise exempt pursuant to T.C.A. § 63-18-110. Adopted by the Tennessee Massage Licensure Board on February 6, 2017
[21]

Wisconsin Chapter 460 Massage Therapy and Bodywork Therapy

  • Section 19. 460.03 (2m) of the statutes is created to read:
  • 460.03 (2m) (a) A person who does any of the following and who satisfies the requirements of par. (b): 1. Uses touch, words, and directed movement to deepen a client’s awareness of his or her existing patterns of movement and to suggest to the client new patterns of movement. 2. Uses touch to affect the energy systems of the human body. 3. Uses touch and education to effect change in the structure of the body while engaged in the practice of structural integration.
  • (b) The person is recognized by or meets the established standards of either a professional organization or credentialing association that recognizes a person in a practice after that person demonstrates an adequate level of training and competency and adherence to ethical standards.
  • (c) A person who is exempt from licensure under this subsection may use the terms “bodywork,” “bodyworker,” and “bodywork therapy” to identify his or her practice.